1. Secure, clean housing
3. Food and water
Poultry keeping is as easy as you want to make it. Guinea Fowl are outdoor birds living in open Savannah and roosting in trees. A simple common-sense approach is needed.
A safe secure, dry place for your guineas to hide out and roost - see the guinea fowl housing requirements.
Size depends on how many guineas you have got or are planning to get. Metal or plastic is a personal choice but I do not use plastic feeders and never recommend them. In my experience Guinea Fowl prefer to feed from a trough.
Again the size depends on the number of birds and the weather conditions. they will drink more in hot dry climates or if they are on dry feed. I always recommend a galvanized steel trough for both the feed and water for Guineas.
The feed and a storage bin: I use a galvanized steel dustbin as it keeps everything out.
Grit with shell: Guinea fowl like chickens have no teeth and need to consume stones and calcium in the diet.
Bedding: I use builders sand on the floor of my guinea sheds. They are used to it as I use it for brooding bedding as well. Guinea are much more at home on a sand floor.
Dust bath: An area which is dry and sandy where the birds can have a dust bath.
Shovel: This is a pretty obvious piece of kit for any poultry keeper.
DE: Diatomaceous Earth. used to help prevent parasites on the birds and bugs in the food. Dusted on the Guineas, in the coops, nests and added to the dust bath.
Torch – It is the only way to catch and handle guinea fowl, after they have gone to roost. That means you will be working in the dark, so invest in a good-quality head torch so you have both hands free to deal with the Guineas.
Scissors. A Sturdy, sharp pair of scissors for cutting flight feathers mostly with guineas.
Cotton wool for cleaning the birds.
Toenail clippers and nail file.
Leg rings – in a range of different colours and sizes means you can quickly and easily mark an individual bird. Useful if you are treating a sick bird or marking a pair for breeding.
Pliers and wire cutters.
Gloves. As Sturdy leather pair for surviving your encounter with a grumpy guinea and some disposable latex ones.
Purple spray – ideal for treating minor wounds to birds but can also double up as anti-feathering pecking spray in minor cases of plumage pulling. An antiseptic spray with the advantage of being visible.
Petroleum jelly can also be applied to the combs of birds during extremely cold weather to reduce the risk of frost bite and applied to dry patches of skin on the face or legs. It's also handy when treating for scaly leg mite but I have never seen this in Guinea fowl.
A carrier of your choice. Cat boxes for singles or pairs or chickens crates.
An incubator if you plan to use one.
A brooder and equipment.